TSL430 Slides


Writing Essays on Literary Topics: Download

What’s inside?

ØWriting is sharpened, focused expression of thought and study.

ØIt begins with the search for something to say – an IDEA.

ØNot all ideas are equal, some are better than others, and getting good ideas is an ability that you will develop the more you think and write.

ØLearning to analyze literature and to write about it will also improve your perceptions and increase your critical faculties.

ØWriting is a process that begins in uncertainty and hesitation, and that becomes certain and confident only as a result of diligent thought and care.

ØWhat comes to your mind when you read a complete, polished, well-formed piece of writing?

3 Major Stages of THINKING & WRITING

Ø1st STAGE – Discovering Ideas

Compare this with the qualities of ordinary conversation.

Ø2nd STAGE – Creating an early, rough draft of a critical paper

Your thought should be less like ordinary conversation and more like classroom discussion.

Ø3rd STAGE – Preparing a finished essay

Your thinking must be sharply focused. Your writing must be organized, definite, concise and connected.

Discovering Ideas

ØBrainstorming / Freewriting

It is the FIRST step in writing. You are talking to yourself and writing down all your thoughts. Then, decide which ideas to keep and which to throw out.

Discovering Ideas..

ØFocus on Specific Topics

ØDevelop subjects you create when taking notes and brainstorming.

üStart redirecting your mind into specific channels.

üFocus on the topic and write as much as you can about it.

2. Build on your original notes

üMine your journal notes for relevant topics

üWrite about the importance of the attic flat where Mathilde and her husband live after they paid for the replacement necklace.

The attic flat is important. Before, in her apartment, Mathilde was dreamy and impractical. She was delicate, but after losing the necklace, no way. She becomes a worker when in the flat. She gives up her servant, climbs stairs carrying buckets of water, washes greasy pots, throws water around to clean floors, does all the wash by hand.

While she gets stronger, she also gets loud and frumpy- argues with shopkeepers to get the lowest prices. She stops caring for herself. A reversal here, from incapable and well groomed to coarse but capable. All this change happens in the attic flat.

3. Raise and answer your own questions.

üWhat explanations are needed for the characters? Which actions, scenes and situations invite interpretation? Why?

üWhat assumptions do the characters and speakers reveal about life and humanity in general? (about themselves, people, work, religion, politics..etc)

üWhat are their manners or customs?

üWhat kinds of words do they use: formal or informal words, slang or profanity?

üWhat literary conventions and devices have you discovered, and how do these add to the work?

4. Use the PLUS-MINUS, PRO-CON, OR EITHER-OR METHOD to put ideas together.

üA common method of discovering ideas is to develop a set of contrasts.

üShould Mathilde be “admired” or “condemned”?

5. Trace Developing Patterns

üDiscover ideas by making a list or scheme for the story or main idea.

üWhat conflicts appear?

üDo these conflict exist between people, groups or ideas?

üHow does the author resolve them?

üHow do you respond?

6. Let your writing help you develop your thinking.

üUnwritten thought is incomplete thought.

üMake a practice of writing notes about your reactions and any questions that occur to you.

Drafting Your Essay..

ØAn essay is a fully developed and organized set of paragraphs that develop and enlarge a central idea.

ØEach paragraphs refers to the central idea and demonstrate how selected details from the work relate to it and support it.

ØThe central idea controls and shapes your essay. Thus, it provides guidance for the reader.

A successful essay about literature…

üA brief but thorough examination of a literary work in light of a particular element, such as character, point of view or symbolism.

ØCreate a thesis sentence

ØYour goal is to establish a number of major topics to support the central idea, and to express them in a thesis sentence.

ØTS – an organizing sentence that plans or forecasts the major topics you will treat in your essay.


The setting of the Necklace reflects Mathilde’s character.


ØReal-life apartment

ØDream surroundings

ØAttic flat


Mathilde’s character growth is related to her first apartment, her dream-life mansion room and her attic flat.

ØOrganization of essay – thesis statement

ØOrganization of each paragraph – topic sentence

The attic flat reflects the coarsening of Mathilde’s character.

What should your paragraph consist of?

ØMathilde’s rough, heavy housework has a direct effect on her behaviour, appearance and general outlook.

ØUse only one topic in each paragraph.

The attic flat reflects the coarsening of Mathilde’s character. Maupassant emphasizes the burdens she endures to save money, such as mopping floors….

ØDevelop an outline.

ØAnalytical sentence outline.

1.An introduction, central idea, thesis sentence

2.Topic sentences in each paragraph

3. A conclusion

1. Introduction

ØCentral idea: Maupassant uses his setting to show Mathilde’s character.

ØTS: Her character growth is related to her first apartment, her daydreams about elegant rooms in a mansion and her attic flat.

2. Body – Topic Sentences

ØDetails about her first apartment explain her dissatisfaction and depression

ØHer daydreams about mansion rooms are like the apartment because they make her unhappy.

ØThe attic flat reflects the coarsening of her character

3. Conclusion – Topic sentence

All details in the story, particularly the setting, are focused on the character of Mathilde.

May be a summary of the body, evaluate the main idea, may briefly suggest further points of discussion, may be a reflection on the details of the body.


3 thoughts on “TSL430 Slides

  1. Djfrenkios says:

    you have a very nice community ,
    thank you for the valuable information.

    Gee, it’s our pleasure to provide you the beneficial knowledge. Glad that you get it at the right place.

  2. Norizan says:

    Hi ! Just to say that you have done a fantastic job here. Its interesting to see how you managed to list down all the tesl courses for the 9 semesters !I was wondering If you have any information on women in literature and post practicum ?
    Your prompt reply is very much appreciated. I look forward to hearing from you soon.

    PINKY: Thank you. You may refer to: http://ed220uitm.blogspot.com

    • These are the replies I got from my seniors:

      Ryo Clay Mathius July 29 at 12:23am
      women in lit huh… ermm,. what you need to know is that, women in lit does not emphasis women as a writer or author.. it is more to women in the literature it self as in how society view women through literature=) they should be given (or buy or photocopy) some text and the assignments will be based on the activities they did during class.. ermm not much that i can help just that you have to read quite some and about women’s role in society, how we view women in general.. its a very fun course! don’t be affraid he/she the friend of yours as long as he/she enters the clases he/she should be fine=) all
      the very best k!

      Eric Constantine July 29 at 12:21am Reply
      he or she should ask from the lecturer. There’s no proper notes for that paper. everything seemed to be ‘stand alone’… he or she has to do a lot of reading … plenty of asgnts on that paper …non-examination paper ..

      Alicia Nicolete July 29 at 12:24am Reply
      Yup..cant help much except to advice ur friend to look up on the internet for her selected topics…..there’s x fixed notes for dat subject

      Ryo Clay Mathius July 29 at 12:30am Reply
      yeap yeap..agree..he or she need to read up and enjoy the course=)

      Jacinta Juin July 29 at 12:31am Reply
      i agree with my other-halves above hehe..ur friend shud consult the lecturer and take notes from him or her. I wonder if u meant whether they’ll be studying Jane Austen in Women in Literature..well, we didn’t have any “fixed” authors to study on, just several prominent authors like Virginia Woolf, etc. We also learnt about stories related to women-related issues e.g gender equality, women’s identity, women relationships issues, etc. Ur friend need to “read-smart” cos really, there are tonnes of short stories to read and a couple of novels to digest. Best of luck to ur friend!

      Ibrahim Ismail July 29 at 1:14am
      May I know who are the responsible lecturers? Maybe I can consult them later.

      Ryo Clay Mathius July 29 at 7:06pm Reply
      they switch turn every semester.. go chcek di notice board yang dekat dedaru atau tesl square yag mau kluar to intec, when you nampak jadual cari la respocible lectures..good luck

      Alfian Karim July 29 at 7:44pm Reply
      wa…u guys r luck…at least u hve someone 2 ask xD
      my time, theres no one 2 ask hehe
      i give u some tips
      1. b friend with ‘google’ help u alot.
      2. just wait 4 what the lecturer wants then u start refer 2 no 1. if not, how do u know wat 2 look for rite.
      3. this is not a killer subject so dont worry 2 much.
      4. if it is a female lecturer then u have 2 b a lil bit to tat side during presentation.if male, then its the other way around.
      5. good luck =)

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